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Overview of macroeconomic factors

Factors that determine the state of the Russian economy in general and have an impact on the electric power industry:

GDP movement

The index of the physical volume of GDP in 2021 relative to 2020 was 104,7 %


In 2021 the consumer price index was 108,4% from the beginning of the year

Interest rates to attract credit resources

As of 31.12.2021, the key rate of the Bank of Russia is 8.5%. The decision of the Board of Directors of the Bank of Russia on December 17, 2021 to raise the key rate by 100 b.p. up to the specified amount is dictated by inflationary risks associated with the consequences of the pandemic, accelerated growth in lending, difficulties in production and logistics chains, and the price environment of world markets.

The dynamics of the industry development is also determined by a number of specific factors:

Factors descending in significance

State regulation of tariffs


Electricity transmission and grid connection are regulated by the State. Regulatory approval of tariffs for services of the Company directly influences volumes of received proceeds

The current state

The Government of the Russian Federation implements a tariff policy based on the inflation minus principle.

Setting tariffs below the economically justified level will lead to underfunding from tariff sources of the Company’s current activities and investment program

Measures to minimize the consequences (if available)

1. Economic justification of costs included in tariffs, including the inclusion of economically justified costs in tariffs incurred in excess of those recorded in tariffs and incurred due to reasons beyond the Company’s control over previous periods.
2. System-wise work to reduce costs and optimize the investment program
3. Implementation jointly with PJSC Rosseti of measures to amend the current legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of pricing for services of natural monopolies to take into account the interests of distribution grid companies in setting tariffs at the retail market.

Changes of energy consumption


Change of energy consumption has a direct impact on the state of the industry

The current state

The actual consumption of electricity in the Unified Energy System of Russia in 2021 amounted to 1,090.4 billion kWh, which is 5.5% more than in the same period of 2020 (under comparable temperature conditions last year and excluding the impact of a leap year – growth is estimated at 4.7%).

Measures to minimize the consequences (if available)

A set of measures to increase non-tariff sources of income

Changes of prices for the wholesale electricity market


Changes in electricity prices on the wholesale electricity and capacity market directly affect the amount of compensation for electricity losses in electric grids and, accordingly, the entire activity of the Company

The current state

In 2021, the one-part price of electricity on the wholesale electricity market increased by 4,9% compared to 2020

Measures to minimize the consequences (if available)

A set of measures to reduce electricity losses in electric grids

The current state of the industry


The state of the industry has a direct impact on all aspects of the Company’s activity

The current state

Substantial depreciation of main generating and grid equipment
Reduction of investment programs in the industry
The problem of non-payment
The tariff policy, leading to both an underestimation of both financial performance (pricing on a "cost plus" basis), and the real loss making for a number of companies
Reducing electricity consumption amid a decline in industrial production, due to the introduction of restrictive measures to prevent the spread of Covid-19

Measures to minimize the consequences (if available)

Implementation of the concept of digital transformation
The cost management system implementation
Implementation of new management tools by the Company, automation of key functions to improve the efficiency of accepting administrative decisions